Thursday, January 12, 2012
US Political Compass (American Political Compass)
Quotes from “Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How It Changed the World” by Walter Russell Meade
- P.g.11: It was only when Germany and Japan began to take lessons from the lecklessly idealistic United States – An emphasis on commerce rather than military
- P.g.12: The …. Statemen of the U.S. often devoted more of their attention to foreign policy questions before and … the Civil War
(The chart shows that only Eisenhower and Bush Sr. have had experience in foreign affairs)
- P.g.13: Their children and grandfather never forgot their dependence on foreign customers and on the means of transporting their … (production) to the market
- P.g.18: Unlike Jackson, politicians like the Hamiltonian Daniel Webstar who were seen as “Soft on Great Britain.
- P.g.24: After indeed usually, the American government was more pacific and isolationist …. opinion
- P.g.25: Jefferson’s dispatch to Tripoli and Algiers of a … mission against the Berbary privates was ….
- P.g.59: Debt from the Civil War: Borrowed from Europe
- P.g.73: Both the liberal democrats who care to power with President Jimmy Carter and the Conservative Republicans who came in with Ronald Reagan focus years later moved …. Away from the Nixon & Kissinger approach
- P.g.78: Economics, Morality, and Democracy are these things that Continental Realism largely seeks to banish from the realm of high international politics
- During the Bretton Wood acting, the U.S. economic policy affected the entire world economy. The globalisation is new to America and the U.S.A. is actually an endebted nation.
- P.g.87: Hamiltonians against the treaty of Versailles E.g. Bush Sr.
- Continental Realism more during the Cold War
- Hamiltonian learns from British imperial order
- P.g.110: Hamiltonian economic policy changes fluctuately
E.g. opentrade ←→ protectionism owing to American economic interest
- P.g.110: Hamiltonians have never believed in using tarrifs simply as a revenue tax nor lowering tariff in line with the fiscal needs of government
• Read upto p.g.123
- P.g.126: Hamiltonians were quick to grasp the implication for American interest of British decline and they understand how to build a new hegemony as the old one collapsed
- P.g.130: The Hamiltonian grandfather had been contest to be free riders as long as British hegemony was ….
- P.g.131: As long time free riders in the British system American industries had enjoyed a …. of domestic production and global markets
- P.g.135: British liberal fought against the pragmatic tilt toward the Ottoman Empire that British imperial interests seemed to require ….that Ottoman aristocracies in the Balkans demanded what we would now call a human rights
- P.g.135: (Wilson’s) his strongest foreign affairs were found in the British Labour party, and the most savage attacks on the shortcoming of the Versailles treaty were …ed by John Maynard Keynes, the towering intellect of British Liberal thought in the 20th century
- P.g.136: More broadly the New Labour government. (Tony Blair) he has built is attempt to reconstruct the Old Labour party and tradition on the ruins of British socialism ……… voice recalling fro “idealistic” politics on
• Wilsonian is also related to the “non-conformist”
- P.g.158: Basically ………… with the modern Middle East plus much of South-Eastern Europe, this regain was the object of the first great missionary endeavour of the American missionary movement.
- P.g.161: The secular contributions of the missionary movement may, on a global scale. ultimately have more impact than do their religious achievements
- P.g.180: The Jeffersonian view of the U.S.A. as a revolutionary nation with a revolutionary mission runs deep … The Jeffersonian party locks of American Revolution with something of the same emotion with the USSR good Bolsheviks once viewed Lenin’s October revolution.
- The original Jeffersonians were steeped in the rich tradition of English & Scottish descent. They often saw the American Revolution as the least something as a secular – step in the British Reformation and they saw themselves as Cromwellian Round-Heads attempting to complete that Reformation against the opposition of the Hamiltonian Cavaliers
- P.g.181: Wilsonian could be called the Trotskyites of the American Revolution. They believe that the securities and success of the Revolution at home demands its universal expansion thought the world
- Jeffersonians take the Stalinist point of view. Building democracy in one country is enough challenge for them, and they are both sceptical about the prospects for revolutionary victories abroad and concerned about the dangers to the domestic revolution that might result from excessive …… in foreign ….
- P.g.182: (Jeffersonians) They believe that democracy is a fragile plant – difficult to grow, harder to propagate. Looking lack at long struggle in Britain – The Magna Carta, the Reformation, the Civil War, the Glorious Revolution, etc
- P.g.204: The Great Dilemma after the collapse of British Empire their ideality and the Homeland Security especially during the cold war.
- P.g.209: Jeffersonians used to be anti-federalism. But, …. The human right activity, they standed supporting the federal government power
- P.g.210: Both Jeffersonians and Wilsonians against …. With a tyrannical regime for anti-commercialism case
- P.g.212: Jeffersonian voice was minority during the Cold War
- P.g.224: Like Jeffersonians, Jacksonians are profoundly suspicious about elites. They generally prefer a loose federal structure with as much power as possible retained by states and local government
- Suspicious of ….. federal power, sceptical about the prospects for domestic and foreign do-gooding (Welfare at home, foreign aid abroad,) opposed to federal taxes but obstinately fond of federal programs seen as primarily helping the middle class (Social security, Medicare, mortgage interest subsidies)
- But, the difference between the two movements run very deep, so deep that during the Cold War: Jeffersonian = Dovish: Jacksonian = Hawkish
- P.g.225: Both Jeffersonians and Jacksonians are civil libertarians, passionately attached to the constitution and especially to the Bill of Right. But, Jeffersonians are most profoundly devoted to the First Amendment, protecting the freedom of speech and prohibiting a federal establishment of religion
- Jacksonians join the National Rifle Association (NRA)
- Jeffersonians join the American Civil Liberty Union (ACLU)
• Jacksonians support regional social securities such as discounting transportation prices for elderies, and caring communities.
• Jacksonians also believe in equality among community members: Supporting socialism in small community
• Many American Labour Unions are Jacksonians